Diabetes Symptoms, Cause, Diagnosis
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Diabetes is a sickness that takes place when your blood glucose level is too high. Blood glucose is your fundamental supply of energy and comes from the meals you intake. Insulin, a hormone made via the pancreas, helps glucose from meals get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your physique does not make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin properly. Glucose then stays in your bloodstream and doesn’t attain your cells. 

 A longer period of Diabetes can cause many other serious diseases. It can affect the kidney, eye, heart, and many other organs in the body. The borderline of blood glucose levels is less serious, but any level of blood glucose is dangerous. 


Types of Diabetes

Untreated, excessive blood sugar can injure nerves, eyes, kidneys, and different organs.

There are a few extraordinary sorts of Diabetes:

  1. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system of the body attacks and breaks cells in the pancreas, the place where insulin is made. It’s uncertain what reasons this attack had. About 10% of human beings with Diabetes have this type.
  2. Type 2 diabetes happens when your physique will become resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
  3. Prediabetes happens when your blood sugar is greater than normal; however, it’s no longer excessive enough for a diagnosis of kind two Diabetes.
  4. Gestational Diabetes is excessive blood sugar for the duration of pregnancy—insulin-blocking hormones produced through the placenta motive this kind of Diabetes.

An uncommon situation referred to as diabetes insipidus is no longer associated with diabetes mellitus, though it has a comparable name. It’s an extraordinary situation in which your kidneys dispose of too much fluid from your body. 

Symptoms of Diabetes

 Every individual Diabetes has different manners of symptoms and treatment. One signal symptom can’t be a sign of every Diabetes.

Common symptoms in all Diabetes

  • Weight loss
  • Increase hunger
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Vision problem

Type 1 Diabetes symptoms

 Including the above symptoms, this type of Diabetes some more symptoms 

  • Tiredness
  • Mood change
  • Greed in sweet dishes/ frequent craving for sweet
  • Extreme hunger
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Type 2 Diabetes symptoms

 Including the common diabetes symptoms, this type of Diabetes show some more dangerous symptoms 

  •  Tiredness
  • Sore that are slow to heal
  • Recurring infection
  • Yeast infection in different body parts
  • Unplanned weight reduction

Gastrovascular Diabetes

Most ladies with gestational diabetes don’t have any symptoms. The condition is frequently detected in the course of a frequent blood sugar check or oral glucose tolerance take a look at that is commonly carried out between the twenty-fourth and twenty-eight weeks of gestation.

In uncommon cases, a lady with Gestational Diabetes will additionally feel accelerated thirst or urination.

Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes causes vary counting on your genetic makeup, case history, ethnicity, health, and environmental factors. There’s no common diabetes cause that matches every sort of Diabetes because the causes of Diabetes vary counting on the individual.


Type 1 diabetes is caused by the system destroying the cells within the pancreas, which makes insulin hormone. This condition causes type 1 diabetes by leaving the body without sufficient insulin to function perfectly.

This method is called an autoimmune reaction because the body is attacking the organ itself.

There is no particular reason for how Diabetes causes, but the subsequent triggers could also be involved:

  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Chemical toxins within food
  • Unidentified component causing an autoimmune reaction
  • Underlying genetic disposition can also be a reason for type 1 diabetes.

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The reasons for Type 2 diabetes are usually multifactorial – quiet one diabetes cause is involved. Often, the foremost overwhelming factor may be a case history of type 2 diabetes.

This is the foremost likely type 2 diabetes cause.

There is a spread of risk factors for type 2 diabetes, any or all of which increase the probabilities of developing the condition.

These include:

  • Obesity
  • Living a sedentary lifestyle
  • Increasing age
  • Bad diet

Another type 2 diabetes causes like pregnancy or illness are often type 2 diabetes risk factors.


The causes of Diabetes in pregnancy, also referred to as gestational Diabetes remain unknown. However, there are a variety of risk factors that increase the probabilities of developing this condition:

  • Family history of Gestational Diabetes
  • Overweight or obese
  • Suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Have had an outsized baby weighing over 9lb

Causes of gestational diabetes can also be associated with ethnicity – some ethnic groups have a better risk of gestational diabetes.

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There is a spread of other potential diabetes causes. These include the following:

Pancreatitis is an explanation for Diabetes. Pancreatitis is understood to extend the danger of developing Diabetes, as may be a pancreatectomy.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). One of the basic causes of PCOS is obesity-linked insulin resistance, which can also increase the danger of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes patients.

Cushing’s syndrome. This syndrome increases the production of the cortisol hormone, which serves to increased blood sugar levels. An over-abundance of cortisol can cause Diabetes.

Glucagonoma. Patients with glucagonoma may experience Diabetes due to a scarcity of equilibrium between levels of insulin production and glucagon production.

Steroid-induced diabetes (steroid diabetes) may be a rare sort of Diabetes that happens thanks to prolonged use of glucocorticoid therapy.

Diagnosis of Diabetes

Diagnosis is very simple, but detection is a little difficult. Everyone is not carrying the same kind of symptoms and problems. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be detected by some blood tests. Health care professionals most frequently use the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test or the A1C test to diagnose Diabetes. In some cases, they’ll use a random plasma glucose (RPG) test.

Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test

The FPG biopsy measures your blood sugar level at one point in time. For the foremost reliable results, it’s best to possess this test within the morning after you fast for a minimum of 7-8 hours.

PPG Test

Postprandial glucose (PPG) test may be a blood sugar test that determines the quantity of glucose within the plasma after a meal. The diagnosis is usually restricted to postprandial hyperglycemia thanks to a lack of strong evidence of correlation with a diagnosis of Diabetes.

Dietary Recommendation

A good doctor and regular practice of some medication can improve the condition. Here some dietary recommendation for diabetic patients:

  • If an individual is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, they recommend making some changes in lifestyle to support weight reduction and control diabetes.
  • A doctor may refer a patient with diabetes or prediabetes to a nutritionist/ dietician. A specialist in nutrition can help an individual with Diabetes lead a lively, balanced lifestyle and manage the condition.
  • A healthy daily diet can help prevent, reverse, or manage Diabetes.
  • Steps an individual should follow in daily life with Diabetes:
  • Eating a diet with fresh food, nutritional value, high meals, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and healthy fat sources, like any nuts.
  • Avoiding sugar that provides empty calories, or calories that don’t produce other nutritional benefits, like sweetened food.
  • Minimum alcohol consumption.
  • Engaging 30-40 minutes of exercise each day on a minimum of 5 days of the week, like walking, aerobics, riding a motorcycle, or swimming.
  • Patients also can take steps to scale back their body mass index (BMI), which may help some people with type 2 diabetes to manage the condition.
  • Slow and steady weight loss goals are more likely to assist an individual to retain long-term benefits.



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