Hypothyroidism: symptoms, causes, diagnosis, medications and more

Listen this post

What is hypothyroidism?

 Hypothyroidism is a very common situation where the thyroid gland can’t synthesize enough hormone into the bloodstream which causes many other disorders inside our body. The thyroid gland may be a small, butterfly-shaped gland situated at the front of your neck area. It releases hormones to assist your body function and use energy.

The thyroid gland is liable for providing energy to just about every organ in the body. It monitors functions like how your heart beats and the way your gastrointestinal organ system works. Without the right amount of thyroid hormones, the natural functions of the body begin to hamper.

The thyroid gland is also called underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism affects women more frequently than men. It commonly affects over aged people(after 60 years) but can begin at any stage of age. It’s going to be detected through a routine blood test or after symptoms begin. Both men and women may suffer from hypothyroidism. But women with hypothyroidism are more in numbers than men.

If you’ve recently been diagnosed with the symptoms, it’s important to understand that treatment is taken into account simply, safely, and effectively. Most treatments believe supplementing your low levels of the hormone with artificial varieties of the hormone. These hormones will restore what your body isn’t producing on its own and will help to return your body’s functions.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism vary, counting on the severity of the hormone deficiency. Problems tend to develop slowly, often over a variety of years.

At first, you’ll barely notice the symptoms of hypothyroidism, like fatigue and weight gain. otherwise, you may simply attribute them to getting older. But as your metabolism continues to slow, you’ll develop more-obvious problems on your body.


Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation or digestive issue
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain or obesity
  • Puffy face
  • Hoarseness
  • Tierness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Increase blood cholesterol level
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Slowed pulse 
  • Suddenly increase heartbeat
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Impaired memory
  • Enlarged thyroid (goiter)

Diagnosis of Hypothyroidism

Features of Hypothyroidism

The blood test is the way to detect hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Mainly Thyroid Stimulating Hormone(TSH) level is diagnosed and hypothyroidism is identified.

 In the case of hypothyroidism, the TSH level is high in your blood. Your body trying to stimulate more thyroid hormone, the pituitary gland will boost TSH to increase thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.

Thyroxine (T4) level test is additionally useful in diagnosing hypothyroidism. T4 is one of the hormones directly produced by the thyroid gland. Used together, T4 and TSH tests help improve thyroid function.

Typically, if you’ve got a low level of T4 alongside a high level of TSH, you’ve got hypothyroidism. However, someone is of thyroid disease, and other thyroid function tests could also be necessary to properly diagnose your condition.

Causes of Hypothyroidism

The most common explanation for hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (or autoimmune hypothyroidism), a sort of thyroid inflammation caused by your own system. But this is not the only explanation for hypothyroidism—there could also be a spread of other reasons why you’ve developed the disorder. This text gives evidence of every possible cause of hypothyroidism.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis may be a common disorder. It affects as many as 10 million people within the US alone, and approximately 10% of girls over age 30 have Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (the disease affects women ten times more than men).

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is characterized by thyroid inflammation from attacks on the body’s own system on the thyroid. This causes the thyroid’s tissue to gradually decay, which directly impacts the thyroid’s ability to supply hormones. This may eventually end in hypothyroidism when the thyroid is unable to form the quantity of the hormone that your body needs.

When the body’s system attacks its own healthy tissue, it’s referred to as an autoimmune disease. If you’ve got an autoimmune disease, like atrophic arthritis, type 1 diabetes, or Addison’s disease, and have symptoms of hypothyroidism, you ought to ask your doctor about also getting checked for Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Mediation of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism may be a lifetime disease. For several people, the medication reduces signs.

Hypothyroidism is treated by using levothyroxine (Levothroid, Levoxyl) supplement. This synthetic version of the T4 hormone regulates the action of the hormone your body would normally produce.

The medication is meant to return adequate levels of the hormone to your bloodstream. Once hormone levels are again restored, symptoms of the condition are likely to vanish or a minimum of becoming far more manageable.

Once you begin treatment, it takes several weeks before you start feeling relief. You’ll require follow-up blood tests to watch your progress. You and the doctor will work together to seek out a dose and a treatment plan that best addresses your symptoms. This will take a while.

In maximum cases, people with hypothyroidism must remain on this medication their entire lives. However, it’s unlikely you’ll still take an equivalent dose. To form sure your medication remains working properly, your doctor should test your TSH levels yearly.

If blood levels indicate the drug isn’t working also because it should, your doctor will adjust the dose until a balance is achieved.

Suggested: PCOD: Symptoms and 10 Most Important Tips to cure of PCOD


Dietary Recommendations

 A specific diet chart is not recommended for people with hypothyroidism. But some foods are restricted to consumption. 

Your thyroid needs adequate amounts of iodine so as to completely function. You don’t take an iodine supplement so as for that to happen, a diet of whole grains, beans, lean proteins, and colorful fruits and vegetables should provide enough iodine.

Soy may hamper the absorption of thyroid hormones. If you intake too many soy products, you’ll not be ready to properly absorb your medication. This will be especially important in infants needing treatment for hypothyroidism who also drink soy formula milk.

Soy is found in the below products:

  • Tofu

Cheese and meat-related products

  • Soy milk
  • Soybeans
  • Soy sauce

You need steady doses of the medication to realize even levels of the hormone in your blood. Avoid eating or drinking soy-based foods for a minimum of two hours before and after you’re taking your medicine.

Read the Book Post

Fiber also may interfere with hormone absorption. an excessive amount of dietary fiber may prevent your body from getting the hormones it needs. Fiber is vital, so don’t avoid it completely. Instead, neglect taking your medicine within several hours of eating high-level fiber foods.

If you’re taking supplements or medications additionally to thyroid medicine, attempt to take these medicines at various times. Other medicines can interfere with absorption, so it’s best to require your thyroid medicine on an empty stomach and without other medicines or foods.


Having a chronic medical condition are often difficult, especially if it’s amid other health concerns. Find people you’ll openly express your feelings and experiences too. This will be a therapist, close friend, or loved one, or a support group of people living with this condition.

Many hospitals sponsor meetings for people with conditions like hypothyroidism. Invite a recommendation from your hospital’s education office, and attend a gathering. you’ll be ready to connect with people that understand exactly what you’re experiencing and may offer a guiding hand.

Regularly eat fruits and vegetables. Good yoga can help you to feel good and manage weight. If someone wants to reduce weight with hypothyroidism then you should read a book by Rujuta Diwekar. The link is in the article.