Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci well known as Leonardo da Vinci, was an Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance Humanist ideal. He was an Italian Polymath. He has been differently called the father of paleontology, iconology, and architecture, and is widely considered one among the best painters of all time.
Leonardo is renowned primarily as a painter. Monalisa is the most popular of his works and the most attractive portrait ever made. The Last Supper is the most reprinted religious painting of all time and his Vitruvian Man drawing is considered as a cultural icon as well. Salvator Mundi got the highest price ever paid for a work of art. It was sold for a world-record $450.3 million in New York on 15 November 2017. His thoughts on the nature of painting which compose a contribution to later generations.
Many historians and scholars view him as the “Universal Genius” or “Renaissance Man”, an individual of “unquenchable curiosity” and “feverishly inventive imagination.” He is revered for his technological ingenuity. He gestated flying machines, fighting vehicles, solar power, an adding machine, and the double hull. Relatively few of his designs were only in their infancy during the Renaissance. He made vast discoveries in anatomy, geology, optics, and hydrodynamics. But he didn’t publish his findings and that they had little to no direct influence on subsequent science.
Leonardo enjoyed in his lifetime and that, filtered by historical criticism, has remained undimmed to the present day rests largely on his unlimited desire for knowledge, which guided all his thinking and behavior. An artist by a frame of mind, he considered his eyes to be his main avenue to knowledge; to Leonardo, the sight was man’s highest sense because it alone conveyed the facts of experience immediately, correctly, and with certainty. Hence, every phenomenon perceived became an object of data, and saper vedere (“knowing how to see”) became the great theme of his studies.
His father, Ser Piero, was a Florentine notary and landlord, and his mother, Caterina, was a young peasant woman who shortly thereafter married an artisan. He had born on born April 15, 1452 when his parents were unmarried. Leonardo grew up on his father’s family’s estate, where he was treated as a legitimate son and get the usual elementary education such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. Leonardo didn’t seriously study Latin, until he acquired a working knowledge of it on his own. He also didn’t apply himself to higher mathematics, advanced geometry and arithmetic until he was 30 years old, when he began to study it with diligent tenacity.
Arts and Accomplishment:
Monalisa: the works created by Leonardo da vinci in the 16th century is the small portrait known as the Mona Lisa or La Giaconda, the laughing one. In the present era, it is debated the most famous painting in the world. Its fame rests on the elusive smile on the woman’s face was mysterious quality perhaps due to the subtly shadowed corners of the mouth and eyes such that the exact nature of the smile cannot be determined.
The Last Supper: Leonardo’s Last Supper (1495–98) is among the most popular artists in the world. Though its monumental simplicity the power of its effect comes from the striking contrast of the 12 disciples as composed to Christ.
Vitruvian Man: This drawing is a study of the proportions of the human body; the Head of an Angel in about 1490. It is originally known as Le proporzioni Del Corpo umano secondo Vitruvio.
Salvator Mundi: The painting portrayed Jesus in Renaissance dress with the sign of the cross with his right hand, while holding a transparent, non-refracting crystal orb in his left, signaling his role as Salvator Mundi (Latin for ‘Savior of the World’) and representing the ‘Celestial sphere’ of the heavens. It was drawn in c.1500.
Engineering and innovations:
Leonardo was also valued as an engineer. With the same rational and analytical approach that moved him to represent the human body and to investigate anatomy, Leonardo studied and designed a bewildering number of machines and devices. He designed a flying machine (c. 1488) which first presented in the Codex on the Flight of Birds. In 1502, he created a scheme for diverting the flow of the Arno River. By reconstituting technical inventions he created something new.
The great Polymath died on May 2, 1519 in France.