Tom and Jerry Cartoon is an American animated franchise and humorous series of short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. They produced 114 Tom and Jerry shorts for MGM from 1940 to 1958. This series based on a best friendship/rivalry (a love-hate relationship) between the title characters Tom, a cat, and Jerry, a mouse. They are fighting all day-night but cannot live without each other. This series is popular all over the world.
Plot of Tom and Jerry Cartoon animated series:
The comedy is full of comic fights between an iconic pair of adversaries, a house cat and a mouse. The plots of each short usually center on Tom and Jerry’s numerous to possess the simplest of every other and therefore the mayhem and destruction that follows. Tom’s cleverness, determined and energetic mindset, large size, and overall intelligence, he rarely succeeds in getting the simplest of Jerry, because of Jerry’s brilliant abilities, luck and never tries to give up tendencies. But, occasionally they have displayed genuine friendship and concern for each other’s well-being.
Watch Tom and Jerry cartoon series:
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The cartoons are known as the most violent cartoon series ever designed in animation: Tom may use axes, hammers, firearms, firecrackers, traps and poison to kill Jerry. But Jerry’s methods of retaliation are far more violent, with frequent success, including slicing Tom in half, decapitating him, shutting his head or fingers in a window or a door etc. Naturally, there is little dialogue as Tom and Jerry almost never speaks. But minor characters are not similarly limited, and the two lead characters do speak English on rare occasions.
History of Tom and Jerry cartoon:
Barbera and Hanna Era:
“Tom and Jerry” was a commonplace phrase for youngsters indulging in riotous behavior in 19th-century London. The term takes from Life in London, or Days and Nights of Jerry Hawthorne and his elegant friend Corinthian Tom by Pierce Egan. Brewer notes quite than an “unconscious” echo of the Regency Era original in the naming of the cartoon.
Animator and story man Barbera began to work for the Ising animation unit at MGM, then the largest studio in Hollywood. He learned about some new cartoon characters and teamed with Hanna and pitched new ideas. An early thought tangled a fox and a dog before they settled on a cat and mouse. The pair conferred their ideas with producer Fred Quimby, then the head of the short film department who, despite a scarcity of interest in it, gave them the green-light to produce one cartoon short. After MGM gave the green signal for Hanna and Barbera to continue, the studio entered production on the second Tom and Jerry cartoon, The Midnight Snack (1941). Early into the series, Jerry never started the conflict, and Tom losing by the end.
Gene Deitch Era:
In 1961, MGM revived the Tom and Jerry franchise, and contracted European animation studio to produce 13 Tom and Jerry shorts in Czechoslovakia. It was directed by Gene Deitch and produced by William L. Snyder. He was not a liker of the Tom and Jerry cartoons, thinking they were “needlessly violent”. After being elected to work on the series, he quickly realized that “nobody took seriously and it was merely “a parody of exaggerated human emotions”. Since the Deitch/Snyder team had seen only a handful of the original Tom and Jerry shorts, and since the team produced their cartoons on a tighter budget of $10,000. Deitch’s shorts were commercial successes. In early 1961s, the Tom and Jerry series became the highest-grossing animated short film series of that time.
Chuck Jones Era:
After the last of the Deitch cartoons were released, Chuck Jones, who had been fired from his 30-plus year tenure at Warner Bros. Jones, had trouble adapting his style to Tom and Jerry’s brand of humor, and a number of the cartoons favored full animation, personality, and elegance over the storyline. Though Jones’s shorts were considered an improvement over Deitch’s, they had varying degrees of critical success.
There have many eras in this animated series but Gene Deitch’s era is too famous.
Tom and Jerry won more Academy Awards than other character-based theatrical animated series. Barbera estimated the typical budget of $50,000 for each Tom and Jerry cartoon which made the duo take “time to get it right”.
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